Brain Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries can occur to people at any ages, from child birth to adulthood, and they can be caused by any non-specific head trauma. Most recently, these brain injuries, or TBI, have received significant public attention because of their existence and higher rates of occurrence in both the National Football League and the U.S. Armed Forces; however, these injuries can occur at any time to any persons, when they least expect it.

TBI and other various brain injuries can range from mild to severe, as some can be manageable while others more life-threatening.
 

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Prescription Medications

Prescription medications are developed, marketed and sold with the intent of making sick people healthier. However, even the most basic over-the-counter medications come with side effects that people using them must be aware of, and that is certainly also true for  prescription drugs that require a medical professional’s approval before use. Prescription drug side effects can range from mild and tolerable to severe and life-threatening.

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Defective Products

The U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and Food and Drug Administration, among others, have the unenviable jobs of reviewing and monitoring some of the most important and widely used products in the country. All three agencies also regularly declare when these products are deemed defective and therefore worthy of recalls, with the public’s best interest as the focal point.

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Construction Injuries

Construction workers put themselves in dangerous situations on a daily basis, regardless of what capacity they’re working in, from residential and building single-story homes to working on commercial buildings and skyscrapers. Employers must enforce strict rules and guidelines at job sites and in workplace in order to make sure that people aren’t injured in avoidable accidents. Unfortunately, those rules aren’t always enforced to their fullest necessity, which can lead to carelessness and negligence, and ultimately injuries.

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Hemothorax

A hemothorax is a collection of blood in the space between the chest wall and the lung (the pleural cavity).

Causes

The most common cause of hemothorax is chest trauma. It can also occur in patients who have:
 

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Pneumothorax

A pneumothorax (a term for collapsed lung) occurs when air leaks into the space between your lungs and chest wall, creating pressure against the lung. Depending on the cause of the pneumothorax, your lung may only partially collapse, or it may collapse completely.

Causes

A pneumothorax can be caused by a chest injury, certain medical procedures involving your lung, lung disease, or it may occur for no obvious reason.

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Flail Chest

Flail chest describes a situation in which a portion of the rib cage is separated from the rest of the chest wall, usually due to a severe blunt trauma, such as a serious fall or a car accident. This affected portion is unable to contribute to expansion of the lungs, which creates some obvious problems for the patient (hampered breathing) and can contribute to some not-so-obvious ones. Flail chest is a serious condition that can lead to long-term disability and even death.

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Rib Fracture

A rib fracture is a crack or break in one of the bones of the rib cage. A break in the thick tissue (cartilage) that connects the ribs to the breastbone may also be called a fractured rib, even if the bone itself is not broken.

It is important to see a doctor after a rib injury. A blow that is hard enough to fracture a rib could also injure your lungs, spleen, blood vessels, or other parts of your body.

The ribs have two main jobs:

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Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease, also called coronary heart disease, or simply, heart disease, is the No. 1 killer in America, affecting more than 13 million Americans.

Coronary artery disease is atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, producing blockages in the vessels which nourish the heart itself. Atherosclerosis occurs when the arteries become clogged and narrowed, restricting blood flow. Without adequate blood flow from the coronary arteries, the heart becomes starved of oxygen and vital nutrients it needs to work properly.

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Congestive Heart Failure

Congestive heart failure (CHF) happens when the heart's weak pumping action causes a buildup of fluid called congestion in your lungs and other body tissues.

CHF usually develops slowly. You may go for years without symptoms, and the symptoms tend to get worse with time. This slow onset and progression of CHF is caused by your heart's own efforts to deal with its gradual weakening. Your heart tries to make up for this weakening by enlarging and by forcing itself to pump faster to move more blood through your body.

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