Cluster Headaches

Cluster headaches are severe, one-sided headaches that happen in groups, or "clusters." They usually occur over weeks or months and can be so painful that you are not able to follow your normal routine or do your usual activities. The pain is often called the worst type of headache pain.

Cluster headaches come in cycles (also called cluster periods). Most people who get cluster headaches have one or two cluster periods each year. A cluster period might last 1 month or longer. After a cluster period ends, you may not get another headache for months or even years.

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Herniated Disc

The vertebrae are held together and in place by small discs that act as shock absorbers, controlling the back’s range of movement and flexibility, and keeping the bones and spinal cord safe from damage. However, when a disc is damaged, it can slip out of its place and either bulge or break, leaving the corresponding vertebrae susceptible to damage. When this occurs, the result is called a herniated disc, as well as a slipped or ruptured disc.

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Sciatica

The longest nerve in the body is the sciatic nerve, which runs from the spinal cord to the buttocks and hips, continuing down the back side of each leg. When the sciatic nerve is damaged or injured, sciatica occurs, referring to the pain that is created throughout the entire nerve – from the spinal cord all the way down through both legs.

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Temporalmandibular Joint

We have the ability to move our jaws because of the two temporomandibular joints that exist on each side of the head, just in front of the ears as the jaw connects to the skull. These joints allow us to maintain all of our basic mouth functions, including eating, talking, and yawning. However, there are injuries and disorders that exist that make it hard for these joints to function, causing pain and irritation when we try to perform these simple tasks.

 

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Pinched Nerve

A pinched nerve occurs when too much pressure is applied to a nerve by surrounding tissues — such as bones, cartilage, muscles or tendons. This pressure disrupts the nerve's function, causing pain, tingling, numbness or weakness.

A pinched nerve can occur anywhere in your body. A herniated disk in your lower spine, for example, may put pressure on a nerve root, causing pain that radiates down the back of your leg (sciatica). Likewise, a pinched nerve in your wrist can lead to pain and numbness in your hand and fingers (carpal tunnel syndrome).

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Quadriplegia Definition

Quadriplegia is a condition of paralysis in which a person loses complete or partial use of all limbs and the torso. Also known as tetraplegia, this type of paralysis involves sensory and motor loss, which means that the victim has lost both sensation and control. Quadriplegia occurs when the brain, neck, or spinal cord is severely damaged, but it can also be the result of certain illnesses, including cancer, osteoporosis, and Multiple Sclerosis.

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Tendons Ligaments Fascia Injury

Tendons

Tendons are fibrous tissues that connect muscle to bone within the human body. They act as springs, moderating and guiding the forces and exertion caused by the muscles and bone in everyday activities. Tendons enable us to have the ability to use pulling forces, as they control the connection between the body’s muscular forces and the movement of bones. Without tendons, the human body would not be able to walk, run, or even do anything as simple as opening a door or lifting a cup of coffee.

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Spinal Cord Injury

Most spinal cord injury causes permanent disability or loss of movement (paralysis) and sensation below the site of the injury. Paralysis that involves the majority of the body, including the arms and legs, is called quadriplegia or tetraplegia. When a spinal cord injury affects only the lower body, the condition is called paraplegia.
 

Symptoms

Spinal cord injury symptoms depend on two factors: The location of the injury and the severity of the injury.

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Traumatic Brain Injury

An acquired brain injury is damage to the brain acquired after birth. It usually affects cognitive, physical, emotional, social or independent functioning and can result from traumatic brain injury (i.e. accidents, falls, assaults, etc.) and non-traumatic brain injury (i.e. stroke, brain tumors, infection, poisoning, hypoxia, ischemia or substance abuse). Most definitions of ABI exclude neurodegenerative disorders. Acquired brain injury is not to be confused with intellectual disability.

 

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