Tendons are fibrous tissues that connect muscle to bone within the human body. They act as springs, moderating and guiding the forces and exertion caused by the muscles and bone in everyday activities. Tendons enable us to have the ability to use pulling forces, as they control the connection between the body’s muscular forces and the movement of bones. Without tendons, the human body would not be able to walk, run, or even do anything as simple as opening a door or lifting a cup of coffee.
Common injuries affecting the body’s tendons include: tendonitis (or tendinosis), tears, subluxation.
Whereas the tendon connects the muscle to the bone, a ligament attaches bone to bone. Because of ligaments our bodies have joints like the elbows, knees, wrists, ankles, etc. and these bands of connective tissues make sure that bones can only make certain motions. Without ligaments the body’s limbs would simply flail about with no control over the range of motion. Unlike the spring-like characteristics of the tendons, ligaments are more like rubber bands, in that they possess elastic qualities. This makes injuries to the ligaments more serious because the ligament can be stretched and then stay that size, which makes joint movement difficult and painful.
The most commonly known ligaments in the body are the Anterior, Posterior, Medial, and Posterior Crucial Ligaments. We often hear of these injuries in professional and collegiate sports as “blown out knees” and the injuries to these specific ligaments could take multiple surgeries to repair, as well as considerable rehabilitation.
Common injuries to the body’s ligaments include: sprains (or tears) and strains.
While the tendons attach the muscle to bones, and the ligaments connect bone to bone and create and maintain joints, the fascia is a collective tissue that essentially holds the entire body together. The fascia is like a web of tissue that surrounds every muscle, bone, and organ in the body and holds everything in place. It is also an essential part of the body’s self-healing process, as once the epidermis is penetrated (through abrasion, laceration, fracture, etc.), it is the fascia that staves off infection and further damage to the interior of the body.
Just like any of the other tissues in the human body, the fascia will become inflamed when damaged, causing discomfort and pain. Fascia is mostly responsible for nerve-related injuries. When the fascia because stressed or strained, it will cause nerves to stick in place, and when the body moves those nerves remain in place and are pulled on, cause considerable pain and irritation. Referred to as repetitive strain injury, this constant tugging of the nerves can lead to lifetime issues of loss of feeling and sense in the affected area, as well as regular pain.